Uncategorized

Die Trump-Administration, der Kongress und das Dilemma des JCPOA

Nach knapp 12 Jahren stockend verlaufender Verhandlungen, verbunden mit massivem wirtschaftlichen Druck auf Iran, konnten sich am 14.07.2015 die Außenminister der EU-3+3 – Bezeichnung für Staaten (P5+Deutschland), die sich den diplomatischen Bemühungen mit Iran anschlossen – und Iran in Wien auf den gemeinsamen umfassenden Aktionsplan, den JCPOA (Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action), einigen. Dieser Meilenstein, insbesondere in den amerikanisch-iranischen Beziehungen, wurde durch die Wahl des moderaten Kandidaten Hassan Rouhani in …

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Current Developments

Last but not least: Lebenslang für den “Schlächter des Balkans”

Das Urteil des Jugoslawienstrafgerichtshofes vom 22. November 2017 gegen Ratko Mladić

    Bei der Verfolgung massiver Gewaltverbrechen spielen die Verfahren gegen die Entscheidungsträger*innen eine besondere Rolle. Die bloße Verfolgung „kleiner Rädchen im Getriebe“ verspricht nicht den gleichen Effekt auf die nach Gerechtigkeit strebenden Betroffenen. Bei der strafrechtlichen Aufarbeitung des Bosnienkrieges blieb dem politischen Oberhaupt der bosnischen Serb*innen, Radovan Karadžić, eine lebenslange Freiheitsstrafe allerdings erspart. Entsprechend wurde der Urteilsverkündung gegen den militärischen Kopf der bosnischen Serb*innen, Ratko Mladić, von bosniakischer Seite …

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Current Developments

Can we detect paradigmatic shifts when we see them?

Observations from an interdisciplinary workshop on norm and value changes

There certainly is no shortage of supposedly common wisdoms in academia on the futility of interdisciplinary work, not all of them as witty as MacIntyres’ observation that it “seems impossible to be truly bi-lingual in scientific terminology and methodology”. At the same time, there are questions that no single discipline can answer. The Workshop “Decline or Transformation? Norm change and values in international law” convened by Andrea Liese (international relations) …

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DiscussionResponse

Quo Vadis PMSC?

The way forward in dealing with Private Military and Security Companies: A response to Prof. Sossai’s assessment of the legal side effects of privatized war

In his recent post, Mirko Sossai succinctly summarized three phases of research on Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC). He also named the challenges on the way forward, particularly the need to avoid competing regulatory initiatives and finding an end to impunity of PMSC. This blog post will continue the discussion and focus on five key challenges for legal scholarship focused on PMSC. 1) Misunderstandings of Legal Terminology As Sossai …

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Current Developments

Verstoß von Deutschland gegen EMRK wegen mangelnder Untersuchung von Polizeigewalt

Die Entscheidung des EGMR vom 9. November 2017 in der Sache Hentschel and Stark v. Germany, 47274/15

Der EGMR hat in einem für Deutschland sehr wichtigen Verfahren eine Verletzung von Art. 3 der Konvention festgestellt. Das ist bisher noch nicht häufig geschehen. Art. 3 schützt gegen unmenschliche Behandlung. Der EGMR hat in dem Urteil festgestellt, dass keine ausreichende Untersuchung eines nach den Umständen nicht offenbar unbegründeten Vorwurfs einer Anwendung von unverhältnismäßiger Polizeigewalt erfolgt war. Der Fall betraf den Polizeieinsatz vom 9. Dezember 2007 im Zusammenhang mit einem …

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Current Developments

La situation en Catalogne

Chronique d’une tentative de sécession avortée

La déclaration d’indépendance de la Catalogne constitue à n’en pas douter l’expression la plus forte de la crise institutionnelle qu’a connu la Catalogne ces dernières années. Si la question du statut de la Catalogne avait notamment conduit par le passé à l’annulation de l’organisation d’un référendum le 9 novembre 2014 par la Tribunal constitutionnel espagnol, les récents développements appellent une analyse approfondie tant sous l’angle du droit constitutionnel espagnol que …

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Current Developments

Wind Of Change in New York?

Die diesjährigen Richterwahlen zum IGH und die Implikationen für das Machtgefüge der Vereinten Nationen

Am Ende ging es ganz schnell. Nach einem tagelangen Machtpoker um den verbleibenden freien Platz am IGH zog Großbritannien seinen Kandidaten, den amtierenden Richter Sir Christopher Greenwood, zurück. Der Weg war frei für die Wahl des indischen Kandidaten Dalveer Bhandari, ebenfalls amtierender Richter in Den Haag. Zuvor wurden bereits vier der fünf im Jahr 2018 frei werdenen Richterstellen am IGH besetzt. Wiedergewählt wurden der amtierende Gerichtspräsident Ronny Abraham (Frankreich), Vizepräsident …

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DiscussionResponse

Who may see the Acropolis? Global patterns of inequality and the right to tourism

In her contribution on the newly created right to tourism, Sabrina Tremblay-Huet convincingly states, that the social and economic phenomenon of tourism has been widely disregarded by the social sciences, law and philosophy due to the focus of the academia on migration. However, there are many reasons to highlight the growing relevance of tourism in world society: First, the tourist sector generates by now 10 percent of the world’s GDP. …

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Call for ContributionsCritical Race Perspectives on International LawSymposium

Call for Contributions: Critical Race Perspectives on International Law

Call for contributions to the upcoming online-symposium

“Race is the child of racism, not the father,” writes Ta-Nehisi Coates in “Between the World and Me”. Such understanding of race not as an empirical category but as a category for analyzing power relations and structural discrimination underlies the symposium “Critical Race Perspectives on International Law“ that Völkerrechtsblog will host in January 2018. We invite contributions that address questions of race in various areas of international law, those taking …

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DiscussionKick-off

A right to tourism – and the duty of hosting the leisure class

Some thoughts on the recent Convention on Tourism Ethics

The movement of bodies across borders attracts significant media and academic interest. This interest is often directed at specific forms of movement, such as refugees and economic migration. Another form of movement of bodies is having an important environmental, cultural, social and economic impact, albeit more quietly in the human rights realm: that of tourism, most especially mass tourism. Leisure tourism is not widely recognized as a serious area of …

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Call for ContributionsRussian Perspectives on International LawSymposium

Call for Contributions: Russian Perspectives on International Law

Call for contributions to the online-symposium

The Völkerrechtsblog is happy to announce an online symposium on “International Law Seen from Russia”. This symposium is meant to offer insights from scholars working on international law issues related to Russia, to shed light on specific questions from the Russian context, and on Russian perspectives on international law. Russia is among the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, occupying a central place in UN law-making and …

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DiscussionResponse

Rethinking containment through the EU-Libya Migration Deal

In response to Nils Muiznieks, Human Rights Commissioner of the Council of Europe who asked Italy to clarify its relationships with Libyan militia, the Italian Prime Minister Marco Minniti declared on October 11 that Italy’s goal is twofold: “to prevent migrant crossing which put life at risk […] and to grant that international standards are respected in Libya”. Minniti’s speech should be analysed in the light of the recent overt …

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Global South in Comparative Constitutional LawSymposium

Auctoritas non veritas facit Legem

A Response to Professor Roberto Niembro’s Conceptualisation of Authoritarian Constitutionalism

This blog post is a response to Roberto Niembro’s post on authoritarian constitutionalism for the Global South in Comparative Constitutional Law. This post will be cross-posted on the Blog of the International Association of Constitutional Law as part of a collaboration between Voelkerrechtsblog and the IACL blog .  At the beginning of the new century there are more constitutional democracies than ever, and authoritarian regimes seems to be weaker, isolated and more …

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Current Developments

The identification of individuals

Some thoughts on the ECHR judgment in the case N.D. and N.T.

The European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in its judgment in the case and N.T. v. Spain found that push-backs to Morocco in the border zone of the Spanish enclave Melilla violated the prohibition of collective expulsion. The decision is important as it concerns the delimitation between legitimate border protection and practices that violate the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) – and thereby the key question in all regulation …

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DiscussionKick-off

Brother, where art thou?

Libya, spaces of violence and the diffusion of knowledge

The key political question in recent months has been how to reduce the number of unauthorized migrants that arrive to Europe’s shores in rickety vessels from politically unstable countries in North Africa. The overwhelming majority of the more than 134.000 migrants that arrived by sea to Europe this year landed on Italian shores (approximately 103.300). Most of the migrants landing in Italy departed from wartorn Libya. Italy seems to have …

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Discussion

Combatting the legal side effects of privatized war

What has been achieved, and what still needs to be done in international legal scholarship on Private Military and Security Companies

This contribution continues our journal cooperation with the journal “Swiss Review of International & European Law“. Over the past twenty years a lively debate on the regulation of private military and security companies (PMSCs) in situations of armed conflict has developed. The time has come for an appraisal of the rich literature on the phenomenon. This post which is written in the context of the journal cooperation with the Swiss …

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