BofaxeCurrent Developments

In dubio contra bellum

Why the prohibition to use force will survive Turkey’s operation Peace Spring

What does Turkey’s operation “Peace Spring” against Kurdish militias in Northern Syria and the subsequent reactions of the international community mean for the prohibition on the use of force? “The right to self-defence may be regarded as broadened now,” some fear (e.g. here). But can the law regulating the use of force in international relations change so easily in the face of this intervention and careful reactions of the international …

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Current Developments

Returns Without Examinations

Greece’s Recent Judgment on Syrians’ Asylum Claims

On September 22, 2017, Greece’s highest administrative court – the Council of State – proclaimed that two Syrian asylum seekers can be deported to Turkey as a so-called safe third country. A court official explained the reasons for the judgment stating that “the court rejected the Syrians’ claims that their life and freedom would be in danger if they were returned to Turkey, as the judges opined this did not …

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Current Developments

Konstitutionelles Sultanat versus US-amerikanisches Präsidialsystem

Die Türkei hat am 16. April 2017 ein Verfassungsreferendum durchgeführt. Eine knappe (noch umstrittene) Mehrheit von 51,4 % der Wähler hat sich für die Einführung eines Präsidialsystems ausgesprochen. Damit steht der nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg entstandene türkische Staat vor einem epochalen Regimewechsel: Die Verfassungsänderung (vgl. für englische Übersetzung hier) ersetzt das parlamentarische System durch ein „Präsidialsystem alla turca“. Ab 2019 entfällt das Amt des Regierungschefs (Ministerpräsidenten); der Präsident wird zukünftig Parteipräsident, …

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Current Developments

Exceptionality and context

Turkish intervention in Syria and the war on terror

The present Turkish military interventions in Syria and northern Iraq continue to raise the question of when States may use defensive force against armed non- State actors in other States. It is one of the ongoing and legally disputed actions of multiple, state and non-state, actors involved in the Syrian conflict. This post analyses the international legal implications of the ensuing military action by Turkey, especially the meaning of ius …

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