DiscussionResponse

The Role of Human Rights in the Realm of Arms Transfers

The Example of Germany

Elif Askin picked a current, important, and yet rarely discussed issue for her insightful post and offered a compelling perspective on human rights law and arms transfers. By transferring arms to regions where the human rights situation is precarious, Germany risks to contribute to human rights violations, as Elif has highlighted. I will use this opportunity to take up the example of Germany and look at how the human rights situation …

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DiscussionKick-off

Blackmarketing “Bundeswehr” Weapons in Northern Iraq

Applying a Due Diligence Approach to Arms Transfers?

In September 2014, the German army started shipping weapons from its own stocks to the security forces of the Kurdish autonomous region in Northern Iraq (Peshmerga) to support the fight against the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL, also known as Da’esh). Strong reservations arguing that these weapons might end up in the wrong hands and likely be used to commit human rights violations were voiced, especially considering …

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DiscussionResponse

Respect and Protection of International Law Beyond the Borders (of Human Rights)

A response to Heta Heiskanen & Juka Viljanen Heta-Elena Heiskanen and Jukka Viljanen kindly invited me to comment on their blog note discussing certain points stemming from their recent paper on extraterritoriality within the ECHR regime. The paper revisits the relevant case law of the ECtHR on extraterritoriality and invites us to consider that similar concerns may arise in the context of environmental protection as well. As its analysis demonstrates, …

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DiscussionKick-off

Extraterritoriality and lowering the exceptional circumstances threshold

Beyond the prevailing extraterritoriality case-law

European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR) provides in Article 1 that “the High Contracting Parties shall secure to everyone within their jurisdiction the rights and freedoms defined in Section I”. However, this does not relieve Contracting Parties from their responsibility for consequences taking place outside their territorial jurisdiction. The contemporary human rights discourse has approached the jurisdiction doctrine with consistent but cautious evolution.

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