Climate JusticeSymposium

The state is dead – long live the state! Statehood in an age of catastrophe

The geographical impact of climate change on statehood is rather clear. Ever since scientists have been warning about climate change and the rise in sea levels it would involve, several small island nations have been at the center of a discussion involving in situ adaptation, possible cross-border migration, and statehood. Indeed, the future of states such as Tuvalu, Kiribati or the Maldives poses a challenge to the traditional concept of …

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BofaxeCurrent Developments

Trumping Mexico’s Sovereignty?

On a potential US extension of the “War on Terror” to a “War on Cartels”

President Trump reportedly planned to label Mexican drug cartels as foreign terrorist organizations, stating that the US considered to “go in and clear out”. The Mexican response was quick to follow, expressing concerns about a possible US intervention and the concomitant threat to Mexico’s sovereignty. Although President Trump has temporarily halted such designation in the face of Mexican protests (see here), questions remain: What (if any) consequences does the designation …

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Current Developments

Identifying customary international law from the ivory tower?

Self-defence against non-state actors and why doctrinal precision actually matters

The discussion about the right of self-defence of states against non-state actors is in flux. Among the reasons for that could be new types of terrorism and conflicts which have emerged since the entry into force of the UN Charter. Cross-border impacts and the number of actors involved have increased significantly. These factors, combined with the UN Security Council’s inaction and the increasing threat from terrorist groups, are putting a …

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Current Developments

Galeone San José: Schatzjagd und Unterwasserkulturerbe

Art. 16 der UNESCO-Konvention von 2001 ermöglicht effektive Schutzmaßnahmen

Als die im frühen 18. Jahrhundert gesunkene, vermutlich mit sagenhaften Schätzen beladene Galeone San José 2015 vor der Küste Kolumbiens geortet wurde, war dies eine internationale Sensation. Als kürzlich bekannt wurde, dass Kolumbien die Bergung des Schiffes im Rahmen einer Public-private-Partnership plant, bei der Teile des auf über 10 Milliarden US-Dollar geschätzten Fundes als Gegenleistung an beteiligte Unternehmen gelangen könnten, begegnete dies substantieller Kritik. Im April 2018 verabschiedete der Wissenschaftlich-Technische Beirat zum UNESCO …

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DiscussionResponse

The role of the ICC and of non-State actors concerning the protection of cultural heritage

International cultural heritage law is a vast and complex field of research which involves many actors, as the previous contribution by Adrianna Michel shows. In response, we would like to give a couple of thoughts on two of the issues raised by the author: the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC), and the role of non-States actors. Regarding the ICC, the condemnation of Ahmad Al Faqi Al Mahdi for …

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Current Developments

Awakening dormant law

– or the invocation of the European mutual assistance clause after the Paris attacks

The terrorist attacks of 13 November have violently confronted France as much as its European neighbours with exceptional security challenges. By killing more than 120 people in less than 30 minutes in the heart of Paris, the jihadist group ISIS (or Daesh, the Arabic acronym for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) has demonstrated its operational capacity to hit European States in an extraordinary ferocious way. This alarming …

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DiscussionResponse

Wie lässt sich die Einhaltung des humanitären Völkerrechts durch bewaffnete Gruppen verbessern?

Eine Replik zum Beitrag von Marco Sassoli. Dass das in bewaffneten Konflikten anwendbare humanitäre Völkerrecht alle Konfliktparteien bindet, einschließlich nicht-staatlicher Akteure, wird nicht bestritten. Allerdings bestehen unterschiedliche Ansätze, diese Bindung nicht-staatlicher Akteure herzuleiten.

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DiscussionKick-off

Völkerrecht von und für nicht-staatliche Handelnde

Das Beispiel des Einsatzes von Geneva Call für die Einhaltung humanitärer Regeln durch bewaffnete Gruppen

Trotz aller modernen Theorien bleibt Völkerrecht besessen vom Phänomen des Staates. Die internationale Wirklichkeit ist hingegen immer mehr (auch) von nicht-staatlichen Handelnden geprägt.

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