BofaxeCurrent Developments

Wo kein Richter, da kein Wähler?

Die Bedeutung des Rückbaus der Rechtsstaatlichkeit für die polnische Wahlrechtsreform

Polen und die Rechtstaatlichkeit – das ist seit Längerem eine schwierige Beziehung. Am Abend des 6. April 2020 änderte der Sejm (eine der beiden Kammern des polnischen Parlaments) zum zweiten Mal in kurzer Zeit unter Protest der Opposition, aber mit absoluter Mehrheit der rechtskonservativen PiS-Partei, das Krisengesetz und damit das Wahlgesetz, das bereits für die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen am 10. Mai in Kraft tritt. Statt die Wahlen aufgrund der aktuellen Situation …


Current Developments

Judge Ozaki’s Case

Moonlighting at the International Criminal Court?

On March 19, 2019, seventeen of the eighteen judges of International Criminal Court (hereinafter ‘the Court’) sat to decide on the fate of Judge Ozaki as a judge of the Court. Back in January this year, Judge Ozaki had requested the Presidency to change her status from a ‘full-time judge’ to a ‘non-full-time judge’ of the Court. The request was granted. Later, in February, Judge Ozaki informed the Court that …



Judicial appointments and the right kind of politics

A response to Bilyana Petkova   Judicial appointments matter, but it is difficult to pinpoint why exactly. One possibility – mentioned by Bilyana – is that there is a connection between representation and legitimacy. It is easy to see that there is a link. Large groups in society might lose trust in the legal system if they are systematically underrepresented on the bench. However, the link is nebulous and never …



Selecting Europe’s Judges: on the Evolving Legitimacy of Appointments in Luxembourg and Strasbourg

What is judicial legitimacy?

The concept of legitimacy is a favorite debate among many political philosophers and lawyers. Since our perceptions of what is legitimate change over time, we look at legitimacy not as a static concept but as one evolving over time. Judicial appointments, particularly to constitutional, federal and international courts have always been a sensitive matter. In Europe, the impartiality and professional merit of both domestic and supranational judges are becoming a …