DiscussionResponse

The Proportionality Critique Still Stands

A Rejoinder to Johann Ruben Leiss Johann Ruben Leiss critically remarks that the perception underlying my original post “overburdens proportionality balancing with assumptions and expectations that do not reflect its character”. This rejoinder aims at resolving some apparent misunderstandings about both the object and the thrust of my critique. My aim is to once again highlight the dangers inherent in the overuse of the prevalent concept of proportionality balancing in …

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DiscussionResponse

Towards an Integrated, Predictable and Coherent International Legal System

A Defence of Proportionality Balancing

A response to Sué González Hauck In her post Sué González Hauck provides a thoughtful and critical perspective on proportionality balancing as a means to overcome fragmentation in international law. In my view, however, her perception overburdens proportionality balancing with assumptions and expectations that do not reflect its character. I will first lay out the understanding of proportionality which this comment relies on, before then discussing the arguments brought forth by …

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DiscussionKick-off

A Critique of Proportionality Balancing as a Harmonization Technique in International Law

Since the publication of the Fragmentation Report by the International Law Commission, international legal scholars and practitioners alike seem to be less concerned about the theoretical questions raised by the fragmentation debate. Instead, they have turned to identifying and examining tools which could avoid or resolve normative conflicts between norms of different specialized areas of international law (also referred to as “regimes”). Proportionality balancing is one of these tools of …

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DiscussionResponse

May it please the Court – A danced pleading

A response to the posts by Miriam Aziz and Mareike Riedel In her latest piece, Miriam Aziz elaborates on the similarities between (international) law and dance, drawing attention to the “perfect line”. After all, every single human discipline is an endless strive for perfection: we see it dominantly in sports, but it can also be seen in the arts. So why should there be no space for this kind of perfection …

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SymposiumVerfassungs- und Völkerrecht im Spannungsverhältnis

The Backlash against International Courts

International courts seem to be living in hard times. The International Court of Justice is openly challenged by the Italian Constitutional Court, the European Court of Human Rights faces political initiatives to curtail its power in the UK and in Switzerland, the International Criminal Court is up against occasional rebellion in a number of African countries, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights has been confronted with challenges by courts and …

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Future of International LawSymposium

Die Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit löst die Rechtfertigungsprobleme internationaler Rechtsprechung nicht

Eine Replik auf Stephan Schill Internationale Rechtsprechung greift tief in unser Leben ein. Entscheidungen der Welthandelsorganisation zur Subvention grüner Energie, Urteile des Europäischen Menschenrechtsgerichtshofes zum Kruzifix in italienischen Klassenräumen oder womöglich anstehenden Urteile von Investitionsschiedsgerichten zur deutschen Energiewende, sie alle gestalten die Möglichkeiten der individuellen und kollektiven Freiheitsausübung. Internationale Rechtsprechung ist eine Ausübung öffentlicher Gewalt und wie jede öffentliche Gewalt bedarf sie einer demokratischen Legitimation. Diese Sichtweise auf internationale Gerichte—als multifunktionale …

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Future of International LawSymposium

Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit als Zentrum der globalen Judikative

Die 1990er und frühen 2000er Jahre waren eine Zeit des Enthusiasmus für das Projekt, dem Völkerrecht durch eine Vielzahl ständiger Gerichte zu stärkerer Durchsetzung zu verhelfen. Kriegsverbrechertribunale für Ex-Jugoslawien und Ruanda, internationaler Strafgerichtshof (IStGH), World Bank Inspection Panel, WTO Appellate Body, Afrikanischer Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte und zahlreiche Gerichtshöfe in regionalen Integrationsprojekten in Afrika sprossen in dieser Zeit wie Pilze aus dem Boden. Auch der Internationale Seegerichtshof (ITLOS) nahm Mitte der …

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