Current Developments

24.000 EUR – für eine Auskunft?!

Das intransparente EU-Kostenrecht erschwert den Zugang zu Gerichten

Offenlegung: Einer der Autoren dieses Beitrags arbeitet als Syndikusanwalt für FragDenStaat und ist unmittelbar in den Rechtsstreit mit Frontex involviert.   23.700,81 EUR hat Frontex, die Europäische Agentur für die Grenz- und Küstenwache, im Februar Luisa Izuzquiza und Arne Semsrott als Kosten externer Rechtsberatung in Rechnung gestellt. Die Transparenz-Aktivist*innen der Organisationen Corporate Europe Observatory bzw. FragDenStaat hatten die EU-Behörde auf Zugang zu Informationen über Grenzschutz-Patrouillenschiffe in Anspruch genommen (Hintergrund hier) …

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Current Developments

The treaty to end all investment treaties

The Termination Agreement of intra-EU BITs and its effect on sunset clauses

23 member states of the European Union (EU) decided that it was time to fish or cut bait. On 5 May they signed a plurilateral treaty to scrap all intra-EU bilateral investment treaties (BITs) in force between them (Termination Agreement). The timing may seem suspicious as arguments have been made that certain governmental measures adopted to stem the current Sars-Cov 2 pandemic could violate investment treaties. However, the Termination Agreement …

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BofaxeCurrent Developments

Wo kein Richter, da kein Wähler?

Die Bedeutung des Rückbaus der Rechtsstaatlichkeit für die polnische Wahlrechtsreform

Polen und die Rechtstaatlichkeit – das ist seit Längerem eine schwierige Beziehung. Am Abend des 6. April 2020 änderte der Sejm (eine der beiden Kammern des polnischen Parlaments) zum zweiten Mal in kurzer Zeit unter Protest der Opposition, aber mit absoluter Mehrheit der rechtskonservativen PiS-Partei, das Krisengesetz und damit das Wahlgesetz, das bereits für die kommenden Präsidentschaftswahlen am 10. Mai in Kraft tritt. Statt die Wahlen aufgrund der aktuellen Situation …

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Current Developments

Are EU misappropriation sanctions dead?

On 11 July 2019, the EU’s General Court delivered seven analogous judgments in a series of Ukraine-related sanctions cases, including that concerning Ukraine’s ex-president Viktor Yanukovych. Yanukovych is best known for fleeing Ukraine for Russia amidst mass protests in early 2014, leaving behind a private zoo and a mansion with gilded bathrooms. The General Court struck down the EU’s sanctions against Yanukovych and a number of other Ukrainian former public …

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Current Developments

Many presumptions and no guarantees

Preliminary observations on Shepherd C-472/13

Yesterday, several (German) newspapers reported that the ECJ empowered the Bavarian Administrative Court in Shepherd v. Germany C-472/13 to examine whether or not the United States committed war crimes in the course of the US-led invasion of Iraq. This certainly makes for a catchy headline, but a preliminary study of the decision reveals that it is unlikely that the Bavarian Court will need to get its hands dirty by engaging …

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DiscussionResponse

Judicial appointments and the right kind of politics

A response to Bilyana Petkova   Judicial appointments matter, but it is difficult to pinpoint why exactly. One possibility – mentioned by Bilyana – is that there is a connection between representation and legitimacy. It is easy to see that there is a link. Large groups in society might lose trust in the legal system if they are systematically underrepresented on the bench. However, the link is nebulous and never …

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DiscussionKick-off

Selecting Europe’s Judges: on the Evolving Legitimacy of Appointments in Luxembourg and Strasbourg

What is judicial legitimacy?

The concept of legitimacy is a favorite debate among many political philosophers and lawyers. Since our perceptions of what is legitimate change over time, we look at legitimacy not as a static concept but as one evolving over time. Judicial appointments, particularly to constitutional, federal and international courts have always been a sensitive matter. In Europe, the impartiality and professional merit of both domestic and supranational judges are becoming a …

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