Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Zwischen Recht und Politik

Die Rechts- und Eigentumsverhältnisse an Kulturgütern der Kolonialzeit nach deutschem Zivilrecht und Völkerrecht

Bisher „ungedachte juristische Konstruktionen“ wünscht sich Bénédicte Savoy, wenn sie in ihrem jüngsten Werk über die Zukunft des (kolonialen) Kulturerbes nachdenkt. Doch wie ist eigentlich die Rechtslage an kolonialen Kulturobjekten? Bestehen Ansprüche zur Rückforderung solcher Güter? Diese Fragen hat unlängst der Deutsche Museumsbund in einem „Leitfaden zum Umgang mit Sammlungsgut aus kolonialen Kontexten“ aufgegriffen (S. 65 ff.). Befund der Analyse: Ansprüche auf Rückforderung kolonialer Kulturgüter bestehen weder nach deutschem Zivilrecht noch nach …

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Current Developments

Kofi Annan and International Law in Kenya

Dr. Kofi Annan, the former Secretary General of the United Nations, died recently. Many Kenyans took to social media to mourn the death of the African diplomat they had come to know through his efforts in curbing the 2008 post-election violence. Annan and the 2007 Election in Kenya The 2007 election in Kenya was charged and emotive. Mr. Raila Odinga, the then President Kibaki’s main challenger, had assembled an impressive …

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Current Developments

On the decriminalisation of homosexuality in India

With its judgment of 6 September 2018 (Navtej Johar v Union of India), the Indian Supreme Court has put an end to the criminalisation of same-sex acts between consenting adults, allowing the country’s LGBT+ community to celebrate a long overdue win after a nearly two decades lasting fight for legal recognition. The law in question, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC), introduced in the 19th century under British colonial …

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Call for ContributionsEvent

Conference Announcement and CfP: Cynical International Law?

A joint conference by AjV and DGIR, supported by Völkerrechtsblog

Völkerrechtsblog is proud to announce its support of a joint conference of the Working Group of Young Scholars in Public International Law (Arbeitskreis junger Völkerrechtswissenschaftler*innen – AjV) and the German Society of International Law (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationales Recht – DGIR) on the topic of

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Artefact or heritage?

Colonial collections in Western museums from the perspective of international (human rights) law

“One of the most noble incarnations of a people’s genius is its cultural heritage. The vicissitudes of history have nevertheless robbed many peoples of this inheritance. They .. have not only been despoiled of .. masterpieces but (were) also robbed of a memory .. These men and women have the right to recover these cultural assets which are part of their being…“ [Secr.Gen. UNESCO M’Bow, 1978] Forty years after this …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Ambivalent Futures

On the restitution of objects and white innocence

The legacies of colonialism and imperialism are keeping the European museum scene busy. At first glance, it seems that colonial amnesia is overcome and museums are paving the way for postcolonial restorative justice. A second glance, though, might reveal inconsistencies and shortcomings structuring present museum work. The current debate mainly focuses on objects being looted, exchanged, extorted or bought under colonial rule, and considers the restitution of objects to former …

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Current Developments

Trump’s latest attack on international law

How the nomination of judge Kavanaugh to the supreme court could shape the USA’s approach to international obligations

It seems that US-President Donald Trump has won a powerful supporter for his onslaught on international law and international institutions: Supreme Court Judge nominee Brett Kavanaugh. The nomination of judge Brett Kavanaugh by Donald Trump as successor for the departing judge Kennedy has understandingly only received mediocre attention in European media and within the public law community whereas this issue seems to prevail debates in recent weeks amongst US scholars and large …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Property and Possession

Some considerations on the history of ideas relating to a pair of legal concepts

In his preface to the German dictionary Deutsches Wörterbuch, Jacob Grimm calls the German legal language of his time “unhealthy and feeble, much overloaded with Roman terminology” (Dt. WBVorrede, XXXI). In contrast, he praises the graphic clarity of early German legal writing, which had already been the subject of his wonderful treatise “About Poetry in Law” (1816). It says (in the consistently lower case writing which he favoured): “german laws …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Eigentum und Besitz

Ein paar ideengeschichtliche Gedanken zu einem juristischen Begriffspaar

In der Vorrede zum Deutschen Wörterbuch nennt Jacob Grimm die deutsche Rechtssprache seiner Zeit „ungesund und saftlos, mit römischer terminologie hart überladen“ (Dt. WBVorrede, XXXI). Er lobt dagegen die griffige Anschaulichkeit altdeutscher Gesetzestexte, die er bereits als junger Mann in seiner wunderbaren Abhandlung Von der Poesie im Recht (1816) zum Forschungsgegenstand gemacht hatte. Darin heißt es – Grimm war ein Vertreter der konsequenten Kleinschreibung : „die deutschen gesetze enthalten eine menge …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Dekoloniale Perspektiven zu Berlins Humboldt Forum

Positionen und Kritik von Dekolonisierungsaktivist*innen

Jährlich demonstrieren Afrikaner*innen aus ehemaligen (deutschen) Kolonien sowie People of Colour (PoC) und Schwarze diasporische bzw. migrantische Communities für die Anerkennung kolonialen Unrechts und die Rückgabe von Gebeinen und Kultursubjekten,[1] die im Zuge des Kolonialismus nach Deutschland gebracht wurden. Die öffentliche Aufmerksamkeit für koloniales Unrecht und die Rückgabe von Gebeinen und Kultursubjekten war bisher begrenzt, bekommt nun aber durch ein ca. 600 Millionen Euro schweres Projekt neuen Auftrieb: Derzeit wird …

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DiscussionResponse

Gibt es noch Hoffnung für überstaatliche Demokratie?

Plädoyer für einen wehrhaften Internationalismus

In seinem Interview auf diesem Blog vertritt Armin von Bogdandy die Position, dass sich die Rahmenbedingungen für überstaatliche Demokratie in den letzten Jahren verschärft hätten. Zwar zeigt er sich überzeugt, dass die überlieferten Prinzipien demokratischen Regierens im Grundsatz auch weiterhin für überstaatliche Ebenen maßgeblich und sinnvoll seien. Es müsse jedoch gelingen, die Entfremdung bestimmter Bevölkerungsteile von überstaatlichen Institutionen zu überwinden und den in vielen Ländern (wieder-)auferstandenen autoritären Nationalismus institutionell einzufangen. …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Wozu internationaler Kulturgüterschutz?

Interdisziplinäre Grundlagen eines kontroversen Rechtsgebiets

Was ist Kultur? Die Frage nach der Bestimmung des, prima facie, hoffnungslos unbestimmbaren Begriffs ist in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften aktueller denn je. Leidenschaftlich wird darum gefochten, ob Kultur offen oder geschlossen, Konstruktion, Essenz oder Ressource sei. Dabei geht es natürlich nicht nur um akademische Begriffsbestimmung, sondern – wie sollte es auch anders sein – um die Gewinnung einer Deutungsschablone für die Erklärung der großen gesellschaftlichen Umbrüche und Spannungen unserer …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

Cultural heritage protection: a truly “global” legal problem?

In the course of recent years, international legal efforts to safeguard cultural heritage have undergone two seemingly contrasting developments: on the one hand, the general public has expressed an increasing concern with regards to the protection of cultural heritage from destruction and looting, first in light of the conflicts in the former Yugoslavia, Afghanistan and Iraq, and most recently as a result of the acts of the Islamic State in …

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Cultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

The politics of cultural heritage protection in international law

A new history crushing the narrative of a success story

Every legal field has its own history and every history has its own master narrative, in the case of international law protecting cultural heritage it is a plain success story. International legal efforts to safeguard cultural goods and sites started in the interwar period. It was after the horrifying destructions of the First World War that internationalists and lawyers discussed how to efficiently protect artefacts of artistic and historical value. …

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Current Developments

A further “constitutionalization” to the detriment of the individual?

On the ECtHR’s stricter reading of the principle of subsidiarity regarding the admissibility of cases

When the ECtHR presented its most recent statistics at the beginning of this year, at first glance this looked like a huge success: The number of pending applications before the Court are down at 56’250, as compared to 79’750 in 2016. Looking back to 2011, when the Court docket had reached its peak with almost 152’000 pending applications, the difference is even more striking. Moreover, last year, the Court managed …

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Current Developments

Der IAGMR und WSK-Rechte

Eine wegweisende Rechtsprechungsänderung

Jüngst hat der Interamerikanische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte (IAGMR) zum ersten Mal eine direkte Verletzung des Rechts auf Gesundheit auf der Basis von Art. 26 der Amerikanischen Konvention für Menschenrechte (AMRK) erklärt. Im Fall Poblete Vilchez vs. Chile wurde unter anderem aufgrund eines ärztlichen Fehlverhaltens und einer Diskriminierung in der Erbringung medizinischer Dienstleistungen, die schließlich zum Tode des Betroffenen führten, die Verantwortlichkeit Chiles für die Verletzung des Rechts auf Gesundheit von Herrn …

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DiscussionResponse

Artenschutz als Menschenrecht?

Gedanken zum „Recht auf eine gesunde Umwelt“

In dem Beitrag „Human rights and the international protection of biodiversity – a promising alliance“ (Teil 1 und Teil 2) stellt Romy Klimke die These auf, dass der Schutz der Biodiversität untrennbar mit der Verwirklichung von Menschenrechten verbunden sei. Sie greift dabei auf den Bericht von John Knox, Sonderberichterstatter der Vereinten Nationen für Umwelt und Menschenrechte (A/HRC/34/49), zurück und argumentiert, dass diese Thematik in der aktuellen Debatte bisher kaum berücksichtigt …

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Interview

Demokratie und Völkerrecht

Ein Interview mit Armin von Bogdandy

Es wird zur Zeit viel über die Funktionsfähigkeit von Demokratie und über die Effektivität internationalen Rechts gesprochen, aber selten über beides zusammen. Wer wäre besser aufgestellt, um dazu etwas Erhellendes zu sagen, als Armin von Bogdandy, der sich seit vielen Jahren mit den Zusammenhängen von Demokratie und Völkerrecht befasst? Armin von Bogdandy bedarf keiner Vorstellung, wie es so schön heißt, er ist Direktor am Heidelberger Max-Planck-Institut für ausländisches öffentliches Recht …

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Current Developments

Somaliland and Secession Politics in Eastern Africa

Somalia has been that isolated relative that no one speaks about. The one that lives in a little hut, far away from the general community, with little interaction with anyone. Nieces and nephews do not visit her, because she is said to be a witch. Everyone fears her, and so she is largely ignored. Nobody wants to go near her homestead. Since the overthrow of Siad Barre in 1991, Somalia …

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Current Developments

Examining the Legal Anomalies Created by Inconsistencies between the European Convention on Human Rights and the Dayton Constitution

On 15th February, 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina (hereinafter Bosnia) applied for membership to the European Union. It has since seen little progress towards achieving this goal, which is heavily due to the incompatibilities of its Constitution with the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (hereinafter the Convention). While Bosnia’s application for EU membership has brought these incompatibilities to the fore, this issue dates back to …

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Extraterritoriale Regulierung als Staatenpflicht

Kontext, Konflikte und Komplementarität

Kontext Zwei Aspekte des von der zwischenstaatlichen Arbeitsgruppe im September 2017 vorgelegten Diskussionspapiers, das die Grundlage des gegenwärtigen Tauziehens um eine verbindliche internationale Regelung der Unternehmensverantwortung für Menschenrechte bildet, sind aus der Perspektive des extraterritorialen Menschenrechtsschutzes von besonderer Relevanz. Erstens knüpft das Diskussionspapier den räumlichen Anwendungsbereich des anvisierten Instruments an Menschenrechtsverletzungen durch Unternehmen, die auf dem Territorium und/oder innerhalb des Kompetenzbereichs („jurisdiction“) des relevanten Staates stattfinden. Ein vergleichbarer Ansatz findet …

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Current Developments

Galeone San José: Schatzjagd und Unterwasserkulturerbe

Art. 16 der UNESCO-Konvention von 2001 ermöglicht effektive Schutzmaßnahmen

Als die im frühen 18. Jahrhundert gesunkene, vermutlich mit sagenhaften Schätzen beladene Galeone San José 2015 vor der Küste Kolumbiens geortet wurde, war dies eine internationale Sensation. Als kürzlich bekannt wurde, dass Kolumbien die Bergung des Schiffes im Rahmen einer Public-private-Partnership plant, bei der Teile des auf über 10 Milliarden US-Dollar geschätzten Fundes als Gegenleistung an beteiligte Unternehmen gelangen könnten, begegnete dies substantieller Kritik. Im April 2018 verabschiedete der Wissenschaftlich-Technische Beirat zum UNESCO …

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Which Business?

Controversies about the Scope of Application of a Future Treaty on Business and Human Rights

The United Nations treaty process, the current endeavor in the open-ended working group to draft a legally binding instrument to “regulate, in international human rights law, the activities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises”, causes much trouble and controversy.

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Giving Human Rights a Future

The Transnational and Transformative Character of a Business and Human Rights Treaty

The future of human rights, as scholars and practitioners alike emphasize, depends on its ability to address economic inequality. For this aim, human rights lawmaking needs to listen to more voices than just the ones of the powerful states and the human rights movement needs to include more actors than it did in the past to tackle questions of fair distribution:

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Human Rights Due Diligence

An Exercise of Extraterritorial Jurisdiction?

In its recently released General Comment (GC) No 24 the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) makes a crucial point: It establishes that regulation imposing Human Rights Due Diligence (HRDD), although having potential extraterritorial effects and impacts, does not imply the exercise of extraterritorial jurisdiction. But is this really the case?

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Das Verhältnis von Handels- und Investitionsabkommen zu einem Abkommen zu Unternehmen und Menschenrechten

Anmerkungen in vierzehn Thesen

I. Der Ausgangsbefund: Wirtschaftsabkommen und Menschenrechte 1. Angesichts der vor allem seit den 1990er Jahren zu verzeichnenden Effektivierung und Erweiterung des Anwendungsbereichs des völkervertragsrechtlichen Handels- und Investitionsrechts sind vermehrt Fallkonstellationen denkbar und lassen sich in der Praxis auch bereits nachweisen, in denen auf dieser Grundlage eingegangene wirtschaftsrechtliche Verpflichtungen durch Maßnahmen einer Vertragspartei beeinträchtigt werden, welche diese unter Rekurs auf menschenrechtlich erfasste Schutzgüter rechtfertigt.

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

A Future Treaty on Business and Human Rights – Its Main Functions

The state-based paradigm of international human rights law poses a significant challenge to modern day human rights problems as traditional mechanisms largely fail to adequately address corporate conduct and to respond to corporate human rights violations. A prominent judge has therefore described the phenomenon of corporate human rights abuses as “the human rights issue of the 21st century”.

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Business and Human RightsSymposium

Germany’s Moral Responsibility to Support a Treaty on Business and Human Rights

As a Jewish academic currently writing a book in Berlin, I am moved by the significant efforts in evidence across the city to remember the victims of the Holocaust. From the sobering stolpersteine to the powerful formal memorial sites, the terrible results of denying the worth and value of Jewish, Roma and gay individuals (amongst others) are clearly in evidence. Yet, memory of past violations cannot be enough: it must …

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Current Developments

It could have been worse

A Historian’s Impression of the Conference “Contingency in International Law: How International law could have been”

Both historians and jurists are intrigued by the future: historians – despite their habitual claims to the contrary – wish to say something meaningful about the future by studying the past, whereas jurists make and render law in order to establish justice, lawfulness, and ultimately peace. Yet, while historians at times reject the “learning from the past” paradigm, fearing an oversimplification of history, the papers presented at the conference on …

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Law and DevelopmentSymposium

Between (Re-)Empowerment and (Hyper-) Conditionality

The Rise of Accountability-Driven Governance in Development Cooperation

Ever since David Trubek and Mark Galanter’s seminal ‘Scholars in Self-Estrangement’, which Philip Dann, during the seminar that gave rise to this post, aptly termed the ‘law and development movement’s defining moment’, there has been intense self-reflection by scholars on the role of law in and for ‘development’ and about the analytical and normative currency of this approach. And in line with the broader ‘turn to history’ in law, this …

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Law and DevelopmentSymposium

Beyond the ‘Moments’ of Law and Development

Law and Development Scholarship in a Globalized Economy

An integral aspect of law and development (L&D) studies have been its intimate relationship with the global economy and the regulatory framework which governs it. A rapidly emerging arena of scholarship on law and development in recent years has been on the intersections between international economic law (IEL) and development. The emergence of this body of scholarship under the broad umbrella of L&D studies has important consequences for law and …

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Law and DevelopmentSymposium

Agenda 2030 -Time to Revisit Rule of Law programming

As the development community re-focuses on how the rule of law agenda enables sustainable development as expected in fulfilment of Agenda 2030, questions will continue to arise concerning the mixed results of rule of law assistance projects. D. Marshall in his treatise “The International Rule of Law Movement: A Crisis of Legitimacy and the Way Forward,” emphasizes that there is a profound knowledge deficit regarding the justice system, its actors, …

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Law and DevelopmentSymposium

Beyond a fourth moment in law and development

A plea for heterodoxy

In the wake of the decolonization wave after World War II, a law and development (L&D) practice and academic strand emerged. So far, scholarship on law and development that self-identifies as L&D has been predominantly economic in orientation. It has never moved beyond a market-friendly or market-centered approach. This tradition has also adopted a fairly naïve instrumentalist approach to law. I submit that scholars who are more concerned with the …

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Law and DevelopmentSymposium

Law and Development: Theory and Practice

The field of Law and Development studies positions itself at a highly interesting, yet academically challenging juncture: What is the relationship between law and social and economic development? For most scholars of Law and Development, this question itself tends to raise more questions than answers: What conceptions of law are we actually talking about? And should the notion of ‘development’ be critically re-appropriated beyond modernized ideals of economic growth? Or …

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Current Developments

‘Vetoing’ the admission of a third state in international organizations

Lessons learned from the Greece-fYROM case

On the 17th June, ‘the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia’ (hereinafter: ‘fYROM’) and Greece signed an Agreement to resolve their 27-year-long dispute over the former’s name. Most importantly, fYROM committed to change its constitutional name from ‘Republic of Macedonia’ to ‘Republic of North Macedonia’ for both domestic and international purposes. The bizarre dispute (and the Agreement itself) has raised interesting legal questions, serving as the most prominent case of an inter-state battle over …

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DiscussionResponse

Neue Initiative der polnischen Regierung in Sachen deutscher Weltkriegsreparationen

Reparationsansprüche als Streitapfel auf dem Weg zur Aussöhnung

In seinem Beitrag unter dem Titel „Germany v. Italy 2.0?“ argumentiert Lukas Kleinert, dass der polnischen Regierung die Rechtsgrundlage für die Reparationsansprüche gegen die Bundesrepublik Deutschland fehle. Dieser Beitrag setzt sich mit Kleinerts Analyse auseinander und stellt eine alternative Perspektive vor. Sie unterscheidet sich von Kleinerts Analyse mit Blick auf die Auslegung zweier Aspekte der Erklärung der polnischen Regierung vom 23. August 1953: die Auslegung der in der Erklärung der polnischen …

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DiscussionJournal Cooperation

Disentangling the cyber security debate

In his insightful LJIL article Kubo Mačák discusses the under-developed state of international cyber security law. He assesses that the absence of cyber security law-making has created a power vacuum that has been filled by non-state actor initiatives, such as the Tallinn Manual. He calls on states that now is the time to reclaim their central role in international lawmaking, in the short-term by articulating their opinio iuris more clearly, …

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Call for ContributionsCultural Heritage in a Post-Colonial WorldSymposium

CfP: Cultural Heritage in a Post-colonial World – New Framings of a Global Legal Problem

The Voelkerrechtsblog is happy to announce an interdisciplinary online symposium on “Cultural Heritage in a Post-colonial World – New Framings of a Global Legal Problem”. Cultural and anthropological objects from colonized or de-facto colonized territories have arrived in Europe in great amounts since the 18th century. Many European metropoles established large collections of those artefacts and human remains to display this shared “heritage” to their people – all projects closely …

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Practitioner's Corner

Leveraging technology to enhance access to justice for children in Africa

To keep a finger on the pulse of time, technology and innovation are central to the implementation of the 2030 Agenda and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Context-informed and locally-adapted technology can be the catalyser to identify barriers in achieving the 2030 agenda and provide solutions for the sustainable development change so desperately needed. Ending all forms of violence against children is an integral part of the SDGs, namely through …

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Current Developments

Endlich! – Erster Haftbefehl gegen einen ranghohen Vertreter des syrischen Assad-Regimes

Zur strafrechtlichen Verfolgung von im syrischen Bürgerkrieg verübten Verbrechen in Deutschland

Können mutmaßliche syrische Völkerrechtsverbrecher einfach unbehelligt nach Europa ein- und wieder ausreisen? Diesen Eindruck musste man bei der Lektüre eines Berichtes gewinnen, der vor einigen Wochen in der französischen Tageszeitung „Le Monde“ erschien. Bereits im Januar diesen Jahres sei Ali Mamluk, der als „Direktor des Nationalen Sicherheitsbüros“ der Ba’ath-Partei, seit Jahrzehnten eine feste Größe in dem syrischen Sicherheits- und Unterdrückungsapparat, auf Einladung des italienischen Geheimdienstes AISE nach Rom geflogen und …

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DiscussionKick-off

Human rights and the international protection of biodiversity – A promising alliance (Part II)

The first part of this post established the intrinsic connection between human rights and the protection of biodiversity, looked at human rights and the environment in international public law in general and examined the conceptual relationship between biodiversity and the environment. The second part centers around the current approach of the UN Special Rapporteur on Human Rights and the Environment which promises nothing less than a change of paradigm on …

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DiscussionKick-off

Human rights and the international protection of biodiversity – A promising alliance (Part I)

For a long time, the legal and political endeavours to protect humans from violations of their basic rights seemed in no way connected to the preservation of biodiversity. In the past, this paradigm has been reflected by indifferent international responses to biodiversity issues: Whereas the promotion and protection of human rights has in recent decades become a major concern of the international community and the relationship between human rights and …

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Business and Human RightsCall for ContributionsSymposium

Symposium on Business and Human Rights: Call for Contributions

On June 24, 2016 the United Nations’ Council on Human Rights established an intergovernmental working group on transnational corporations. The working group is tasked with the elaboration of an international legally binding instrument “to regulate, in international human rights law, the activities of transnational corporations and other business enterprises”. In 2017 the working group’s chairman published a non-binding paper outlining possible elements of a treaty on business and human rights; …

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Current Developments

The first genocide of the 20th century before a domestic court

A New York Court about to decide on its jurisdiction in Rukoro et al. v. Germany

Once more, Germany is confronted with compensation claims concerning wrongs committed in the past (see on this topic already the post by Andreas Buser). After unsuccessful previous cases against Germany by the Ovaherero and Nama people before the Permanent Court of Arbitration and U.S. federal courts in Washington, D.C., the pending class action complaint against the Federal Republic of Germany in the United States District Court Southern District of New York is the …

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Interview

On history, geography, and radical change in international law

An interview with BS Chimni

These are exciting times for international legal scholarship – on this point, the interviewers and Professor BS Chimni can immediately agree. But what are the consequences of recent challenges to the international legal order for critical approaches? Professor Chimni’s groundbreaking work on Third World Approaches to International Law (TWAIL) has contributed greatly to international legal scholarship during the last decades. A fascinating scholar, an enthusiastic teacher, and an effortlessly charismatic …

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Journal Cooperation

Access to information and the fourth wave of rights

The Inter-American and the European Court of Human Rights, the UN Human Rights Committee, the European Union, Germany, India, South Africa, and Brazil all share one common legal feature: They have recognized “access to information” as an individual fundamental right since the turn of the millennium. Since the 1990s, there has been a veritable “global explosion of freedom of information” as new constitutions have enshrined the right to information, legislators …

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DiscussionKick-off

Neue Initiative der polnischen Regierung in Sachen deutscher Weltkriegsreparationen

Germany v. Italy 2.0?

Erneut fanden sich Anfang Januar 2018 Meldungen über Erwägungen der polnischen Regierung, Reparationsansprüche gegen die Bundesrepublik für Schäden des Landes während der deutschen Besatzung im 2. Weltkrieg geltend zu machen. Nun sollten US-amerikanische Gerichte helfen, die Ansprüche durchzusetzen, so der polnische Botschafter in Deutschland, Andrzej Przyłębski. Einigen dieser Aspekte soll sich dieser Beitrag widmen. Nie verheilte Wunden? Seit dem Regierungswechsel in Warschau im Spätherbst 2015 überholt die neue nationalkonservative PiS-Regierung nicht …

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Current Developments

The Philippines’ move away from the International Criminal Court over the war on drugs: A blow for human rights in Asia

As a signatory to every human rights treaty and being at the forefront of promoting international human rights, Philippines is considered as one of the  “architects” of the United Nations and the human rights system. This was seen as a huge step forward for human rights in Asia. However, now with the decision to withdraw from the Rome Statute, and the International Criminal Court (ICC), this will be seen a …

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Current Developments

Stretching Abstract Reasoning to its Limits

The IACtHR and the Right to a Healthy Environment

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights issued the Advisory Opinion (AO) of 15 November, 2017 (OC-23/17), on the subject matter of the environment and human rights. Its wide-ranging features already sparked a lively debate in the blogosphere (see here, here and here). Whereas some welcome the Court’s engagement with environmental rights, others are either skeptical of the way in which the AO deals with criteria of state responsibility in human …

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