Gunneflo Book SymposiumSymposium

Gunneflo Book Symposium: Part 1

Itamar Mann: Israel and the Forever War

1. On 4 January 2017, a military court in Jaffa convicted Israeli soldier Elor Azaria of manslaughter. The case has set Israeli public debate ablaze for almost a year now, and was widely reported abroad. As a video released by the human rights group Betselem revealed, Abd Al Fatah A-Sharif was wounded and lying, face down, when Azaria approached and shot a bullet through his head. A-Sharif had stabbed an …

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DiscussionResponse

A Response to “Which Rights to enforce in Time of Public Emergency?”

A response to Cilem Şimşek The interplay between human rights law (HRL) and international humanitarian law (IHL) is one of the most difficult and fascinating topics of international law. The blog by Cilem Şimşek  attempts to put in perspective the evolution of this interplay with a focus on the practice of the European Court of Human Rights. Three key themes are developed. Each of them gives rise to diverging interpretations as …

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DiscussionKick-off

Which Rights to enforce in Time of Public Emergency?

The European Court of Human Right’s approach towards International Humanitarian Law

The present post examines the relationship between human rights law (“HRL”) and international humanitarian law (“IHL”). This relationship will be first analysed from a legal-dogmatic angle, and then in the light of the case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (“the Court”)”. By focussing solely on the right to derogate from the European Convention on Human Rights pursuant to Article 15, this post will show that the Court’s approach …

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Current Developments

Exceptionality and context

Turkish intervention in Syria and the war on terror

The present Turkish military interventions in Syria and northern Iraq continue to raise the question of when States may use defensive force against armed non- State actors in other States. It is one of the ongoing and legally disputed actions of multiple, state and non-state, actors involved in the Syrian conflict. This post analyses the international legal implications of the ensuing military action by Turkey, especially the meaning of ius …

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Discussion

Multi-stakeholder self-regulation mechanisms for PMSCs – good enough for the United Nations?

Framing the issue Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) are not only hired by states, the UN makes use of PMSCs as well. Recent years have witnessed an increase in the number of PMSCs used by the UN (DCAF, Pingeot). One of the current challenges is the use of PMSCs in UN peacekeeping operations.

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DiscussionResponse

Lawfare? We need the states to interpret international humanitarian law

A response to Raphael Schäfer Raphael Schäfer has thoughtfully worked out the main issues surrounding lawfare and counter-lawfare. I will take up his analysis and develop it further in order to provide a complementary perspective. I will explain the struggles over the law – quickly termed “counter-lawfare” by some –as the ordinary course rather than the exception.

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Discussion

Anwendung humanitärvölkerrechtlicher Normen in asymmetrischen Konflikten

– Extensive Auslegung oder „Lawfare“-Methode?

Es ist bei Weitem kein Novum zu behaupten, dass die Konfliktstrukturen des 21. Jahrhunderts mit denen des klassischen humanitären Völkerrechts nur noch schwer vergleichbar sind. Die Zeiten staatlicher Duellkriege sind vorüber, Handlungen nichtstaatlicher Gewaltakteure prägen heute maßgeblich die weltweite Konfliktlage und führten zu einer Anpassung nationaler Sicherheitsstrategien. So wurde am 20. September 2001 mit dem „War on Terror“ zum ersten Mal einem Phänomen der Krieg erklärt – im technischen Sinn …

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Practitioner's Corner

Practitioner’s Corner: MONUSCO – an inside view into a peacekeeping mission

The “Practitioner’s Corner” gives the floor to practicing international lawyers. Their accounts illustrate the diversity of work within the field of international law and offer personal insights into the practice of international law. Igor Ngima If it’s not written down, it does not exist In those words, I can sum up what I’ve learned over the past two years working for the UN. It also perfectly captures the basics of working …

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Discussion

Die schwierige Aufgabe der Humanisierung des humanitären Völkerrechts:

Von der harmonisierenden Auslegung zur Billigung einer „nachträglichen Derogation“

Der Europäische Gerichtshof für Menschenrechte (EGMR) steht vor schwierigen Entscheidungen hinsichtlich der Anwendung der Konventionsrechte im bewaffneten Konflikt (vgl. Georgien gg. Russland (II) und Ukraine gg. Russland (I-III)). Für die Phase der Besetzung und die sich anschließende Phase hat der Gerichtshof in Al-Skeini und Al-Jedda die Anwendbarkeit der Konvention bereits festgestellt. In Hassan gg. Vereinigtes Königreich hat nun die Große Kammer trotz des erstmalig von einem Konventionsstaat vorgebrachten Verlangens, die …

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Discussion

Identifying even more Common Ground: Autonomous Weapons must not be Exploited to their Full Potential!

A response to Sebastian Wuschka and Rebecca Crootof Felix Boor and Karsten Nowrot In order to avoid the undesirable consequence of becoming outmoded by newly invented methods and means of combat, the normative regime of the ius in bello has always been and is currently even more so dependent upon the ability to anticipate future technological developments in the area of weaponry. Against this background one can indeed readily agree with the widely …

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