Russian Perspectives on International LawSymposium

The EU-Russia Civil Society Forum

Fostering the Voice of Civil Society in the International Legal Debate

When speaking of the role of Russia in the contemporary international legal debate, it is helpful not only to focus on particular topics and questions, but – as with all other debates – to start with the question, at what levels and in which formats such a legal debate takes place; which actors are actively engaged in it or can actively participate in it, and what impact it has. To …

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Russian Perspectives on International LawSymposium

Das EU-Russland Zivilgesellschaftsforum

Die Stimme der Zivilgesellschaft in der internationalen Rechtsdebatte stärken

Spricht man über die Rolle Russlands in der zeitgenössischen internationalen Rechtsdebatte, so ist es hilfreich, sich nicht nur auf die konkreten Themen und Fragen zu fokussieren, sondern – wie bei allen anderen Debatten auch – sich zunächst zu fragen, auf welchen Ebenen und in welchen Formaten diese Rechtsdebatte stattfindet, welche Akteure daran aktiv teilnehmen bzw. teilnehmen können, und mit welcher Auswirkung. Die Kommunikationswissenschaftler verwenden dafür die Lasswell-Formel: “Who says what …

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Current Developments

Konstitutionelles Sultanat versus US-amerikanisches Präsidialsystem

Regimewechsel Die Türkei hat am 16. April 2017 ein Verfassungsreferendum durchgeführt. Eine knappe (noch umstrittene) Mehrheit von 51,4 % der Wähler hat sich für die Einführung eines Präsidialsystems ausgesprochen. Damit steht der nach dem Ersten Weltkrieg entstandene türkische Staat vor einem epochalen Regimewechsel: Die Verfassungsänderung (vgl. für englische Übersetzung hier) ersetzt das parlamentarische System durch ein „Präsidialsystem alla turca“. Ab 2019 entfällt das Amt des Regierungschefs (Ministerpräsidenten); der Präsident wird zukünftig …

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Current Developments

Collectively Enforcing the Results of Democratic Elections in Africa

Part II: Third Gear – The UN Security Council

This post continues the earlier part I. As the 19 January deadline approached, without Jammeh showing any inclination to resign, the crisis deepened. Troops from Senegal, Nigeria and Ghana – subsequently codenamed ECOMIG (ECOWAS Mission in the Gambia) – massed around the borders of The Gambia, obviously ready to remove the country’s long-time leader from office by force if necessary. In keeping with the timetable foreseen in the Gambian constitution, …

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Current Developments

Collectively Enforcing the Results of Democratic Elections in Africa

ECOWAS, the AU, and UN Security Council Resolution 2337 (2017) – Part I

“When […] ECOWAS is united and the African Union is united, then it is possible for the Security Council to decide; it is possible for action to be taken, and it is possible for democracy, human rights, and the freedom of peoples to be defended.” – This was the UN Secretary-General’s upshot from the resolution of the recent electoral crisis in the The Gambia. The crisis had started to unfold …

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Discussion

Putschists behind Bars?

Regional Criminalization of Unconstitutional Changes of Government in Africa

This contribution results from our cooperation with the journal „Swiss Review of International and European Law“ an discusses an article by Abdoulaye Soma on the international crime of unconstitutional changes of government, which was published in December 2016. The Point of Departure Regionalism continues to increasingly develop in various fields of law. Abdoulaye Soma, who acknowledges the birth of an African international criminal law, analyses one of its specificities: the …

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Forum

The Democracy Obligation According to International Law

A Study of the Dwindling Neutrality of International Law with Respect to Internal Government Structures

This post is a reaction to a review which appeared in the journal Law and Politics in Asia, Africa and Latin America (Verfassung und Recht in Übersee, VRÜ). Representative democracy is the most widespread political system in the world today. At the same time, in a number of countries, democratic institutions and guarantees are subject to erosion with severe consequences for the respective population. This means, for example, that state …

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Rule of Law Goes GlobalSymposium

No unalloyed good

The AU’s rejection of “unconstitutional changes of government”

Democracy and Africa are two words that rarely appear in the same sentence. If they do, the sentences are usually framed in exhortatory or aspirational terms rather than as statements of facts. Yet even though free and fair elections are still far from being the habitual way of obtaining and transferring political power in Africa, the African Union (AU) has developed an impressive array of instruments that seek to nurture …

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SymposiumTrademocracy

Can international trade law promote democratic legitimacy?

The participatory dimension of WTO law In the Berlin workshop Freihandel versus Demokratie I would like to discuss an argument that to some extent seems to challenge the title of the meeting. My thesis is that international trade law, and WTO law in particular, can be also seen as an opportunity to promote international democratic legitimacy, rather than simply as a danger to domestic self-determination.

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Trademocracy

Die „Regulatory Cooperation” in TTIP

Demokratie einmal andersherum? Die Prämisse der Tagung „Freihandel versus Demokratie“ suggeriert recht provokativ einen Konflikt zwischen beiden Konzepten. Denknotwendig ist dies nicht per se, stellt das eine doch eine Wirtschaftsform und das andere eine Staatsform dar. Tatsächlich scheint der freie Handel zwischen demokratischen Staaten grundlegende gesellschaftliche Ziele wie Frieden und Wohlstand sogar zu befördern. Insbesondere verspricht der vorgesehene Abbau regulatorischer Handelshemmnisse laut einer Studie des Centre for Economic Policy Research …

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