The liberal European order is under siege. Its normative foundations are challenged by various radical parties and movements. Many of its policies are contested and criticized as inefficient, ineffective and hypocritical. Liberal democracy, human rights and open markets are no longer taken for granted but must today be justified and defended in the public arena. Some even fear that the political and legal integration among the EU’s member states is giving way to the lure of nationalism and parochialism. How significant are these processes and how deep is Europe’s crisis? Is it part of a global process and similar in kind to authoritarian tendencies in US, Russia and Turkey? Are we even witnessing the end of post-war liberalism and is the idea of the open society slowly being replaced by a new combination of traditionalism, authoritarianism and nationalism?