DiscussionResponse

The limits of emergency mechanisms

A Response to Tine Hanrieder and Christian Kreuder-Sonnen Emergency mechanisms are essential in addressing and containing crisis situations such as the recent Ebola outbreak. Tine and Christian have drawn our attention to the development of the WHO’s emergency powers, and to how recent changes and adjustments of the organization’s response compared to the 2009 swine flu outbreak had a legitimacy enhancing effect. At the same time, however, thinking and conceptualizing …

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DiscussionKick-off

The WHO’s new emergency powers – from SARS to Ebola

The Ebola outbreak is only the third Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) ever declared by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO’s emergency authority is based on the International Health Regulations (IHR) adopted in 2005. While these regulations enable the organization only to recommend measures to states, its decisions to declare a PHEIC and to issue temporary recommendations are de facto authoritative points of reference for global and …

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Wer hat Angst vor dem Völkerrecht? Die Untätigkeit der nationalen Gesetzgeber als Herausforderung (auch) für die Völkerrechtler

Eine Replik auf Evelyne Schmid Evelyne Schmid plädiert in ihrem Beitrag dafür, dass sich Völkerrechtler*innen stärker mit den Unterlassungen durch nationale Gesetzgeber befassen sollten. Sie weist dabei zu Recht auf einen weißen Fleck in der – ansonsten doch reichen und umfassenden – Diskussion über das Verhältnis zwischen Völker- und Landesrecht hin. Schreiben völkerrechtliche Verträge gesetzgeberische Massnahmen durch die einzelnen Staaten vor, sieht sich die Legislative oft gar nicht bemüssigt, entsprechende …

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Völkerrecht und die Legislative: Wenn der nationale Gesetzgeber mit den Schultern zuckt

In diesem Beitrag plädiere ich dafür, dass sich Völkerrechtler*innen mit Unterlassungen von nationalen Gesetzgebern befassen sollten. Zweck des kurzen Textes ist die Begründung für eine rechtsdogmatische, -theoretische und -soziologische Auseinandersetzung mit Situationen, in denen Völkerrecht gesetzgeberische Maßnahmen vorgibt, die angesprochenen Legislatoren in den Vertragsstaaten aber mit den Schultern zucken. Warum sollten Unterlassungen der nationalen Legislativen Völkerrechtler*innen beschäftigen? Seit dem Zweiten Weltkrieg hat die Zahl der völkerrechtlichen Normen unzweifelhaft zugenommen. Ebenso …

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Judicial appointments and the right kind of politics

A response to Bilyana Petkova   Judicial appointments matter, but it is difficult to pinpoint why exactly. One possibility – mentioned by Bilyana – is that there is a connection between representation and legitimacy. It is easy to see that there is a link. Large groups in society might lose trust in the legal system if they are systematically underrepresented on the bench. However, the link is nebulous and never …

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Selecting Europe’s Judges: on the Evolving Legitimacy of Appointments in Luxembourg and Strasbourg

What is judicial legitimacy?

The concept of legitimacy is a favorite debate among many political philosophers and lawyers. Since our perceptions of what is legitimate change over time, we look at legitimacy not as a static concept but as one evolving over time. Judicial appointments, particularly to constitutional, federal and international courts have always been a sensitive matter. In Europe, the impartiality and professional merit of both domestic and supranational judges are becoming a …

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Will the BRICS Bank really change the development world?

A response to Mariana Mota Prado Mariana Prado makes an excellent contribution to the growing debate about the BRICS Development Bank, which is expected to start operating in 2016. What is perhaps most notable about the bank so far is how little the five BRICS governments are willing to share with the public about the bank’s operating principles. In the same way, outsiders are kept in the dark regarding questions …

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Will the BRICS Bank change the development world as we know it?

This post inaugurates a new cooperation of Völkerrechtsblog with the journal “Verfassung und Recht in Übersee”/ “Law and Politics in Asia, Africa and Latin America”, the only law journal based in Germany dedicated exclusively to legal developments in the Global South. Authors from the current special issue on “New instruments in the law of development cooperation” discuss their arguments with respondents here on the blog. We start with the first …

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